Why are they too big? In our animals as at home, overweight is the evil of the century. For veterinarians, in town or in the countryside, this is a fact. Yet studies that describe animal obesity are rare. One of them was conducted in 2014 by the Association of British Animal Feed Manufacturers * and She recognized that 45% of dogs were overweight or obese, and 40% were cats. In the United States, 58% of cats are affected, and 54% of dogs **.
The lack of reliable statistics to measure this epidemic lies primarily in the difficulty for veterinarians to measure overweight or obesity. Roughly, overweight begins when the animal has a fat mass greater than that which would be optimal for his health. If he is more than 10% of the recommended weight for his breed, your companion is overweight. Obesity occurs when this impasto causes significant risks to one’s health: diabetes, cardiovascular and joint problems, cancer, asthma, sleep apnea, etc. As many pathologies that reduce his life expectancy.
in principle, at 20% in addition to the ideal weight. If, in humans, the Body Mass Index (BMI), established by the World Health Organization, is the reference tool for quantifying overweight, there is no equivalent in animals : because it is difficult to take into account, in a reliable reading grid for all breeds, multiple factors such as standard, age, sex, physical activity, etc. In 1997, a dog and cat food manufacturer developed the Body Condition Score (BCS) system, which notes the animal’s condition from 1 to 9 a brief observation. Cats and thin dogs (neither lean nor fat) are rated between 4 and 5. At 1, they are considered cachectic; at 9, they are barrels! What is certain is that obesity is progressing in France in humans as well as in pets.
* Source PFMA, Pet Food Manufacturers Association.
** Source Association for Pet Obesity Prevention.